Raspberry

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‘Dorka’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Dorka’ syn. F. 6/1, F. 9470/6/1

Primocane red raspberry. The canes grow to be 150 cm in height. Half of the buds on the canes bear fruits regularly. The canes have a strong vigour, they are thick, moderately thorned, and their length doesn’t exceeds 160 cm. The number of sprouting canes are normal. The colour of the tip of the young canes turns into anthocyanic. Requires plant support. The fruits are beginning to ripe in mid-June of the first year. In sheltered areas, it can be picked even in October. Requires 24-26 pickings normally.

The fruits are uniformly medium-large, round in shape, shiny dark red in colour, they have a moderate consistency and are not crumbling. The drupelets are medium in size. The berries come off the receptacle easily. It has a good taste.

 

Susceptible to RBDV that is transmitted via pollination.

Good for both house gardening and industrial cultivation.

Originates from an open pollinated population of ‘Golden Bliss’ primocane yellow raspberry. Breeder: Dr. Ferenc Dénes, Fertőd Research Station. Hybridized in: 2000. Applied to be certified in the Hungarian National Catalogue of Varieties in 2011.

‘Eszterházai kétszertermő’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Eszterházai kétszertermő’ syn. F. 6/26 

Primocane cultivar, bears fruits on the canes from early July. The canes are strongly vigorous, grows to be 120-140 cm in height, then it starts bearing flowers. The canes are thick and stiff, able to hold its own weight without support. The overwintering canes are yellowish-red in colour, with an anthocyanic overcolour on the sun-exposed side. Not susceptible to crackings, and cane diseases. The number of thorns is low on the middle part of the cane, they are small and burgundy in colour. The fruits are medium red in colour and they have a truncated cone shape. The pulp has a good firm texture, thus tolerates transportation well.

The fruit ripening starts on 5 July (3 years average), and fruiting lasts until the first winter chills. The fruits have a pleasant raspberry flavour, and they weigh almost 3 grams in average – regarding the whole season.

Good productivity primocane cultivar.

Originates from an open pollinated population of ‘Golden Bliss’ primocane yellow raspberry. Breeder: Dr. Ferenc Dénes, Fertőd Research Station. Breeder’s identification number:  9470/6/26.

 

‘Fertődi aranyfürt’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Fertődi aranyfürt’ syn. F. 6280/56

Has a medium-strong vigour, good sprouting capability. The canes are long, twisting, beige in colour. The compound leaves have three or sometimes five leaflets, with a light green colour. The canes are covered with green thorns, densely on the bottom part and moderately on the upper parts; and they are covered in waxy bloom when young.

Moderately susceptible to leaf diseases. The buds chilling requirement is low: 564 CU at temperatures below 7 °C. Mid-ripening cultivar, ripens together with ‘Malling Exploit’, the ripening period lasts until early July. Productivity is moderate.

The fruit is attractive, dim yellow in colour, which turns into amber during the ripening. It is large, conical, its pulp is succulent, very sweet with low acid content. The acid/sugar ratio is 1/3.1 Average vitamin C content is 16.4 mg/100 g. Easy to pick. Moderately firm when picked, then it becomes soft fast.

Good for fresh consumption because of its pleasant sweet taste. Good for both house gardening and industrial cultivation.

National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) classification: qualified for breeding, variety-broadening cultivar. Cultivar identification number: 242589.

F. 6280/56 (Malling Exploit Ix Mitra I1) x F. 6202/4 (St. Walfried x Yellow Antwerp). Dr. László Kollányi and colleagues, Fertőd Research Station. Hybridized in: 1978, certified in: 2002. Certified in the Hungarian National Catalogue of Varieties

‘Fertődi kármin’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Fertődi kármin’ syn. Marla®, F. 6348/77

Early ripening, ripens in early June, can be harvested until mid-July, 8-10 times. Very productive, consistent yields. It tastes slightly acidic, pleasantly sweet and has a characteristically raspberry flavour. The berry is moderate in size, truncated cone in shape, has good consistency nonetheless succulent. It has a light red colour with silvery hairs.

Moderately vigorous, upright growing cultivar with reddish-brown canes. The canes are covered gently with a waxy bloom; the whole length of it is blushed with a red overcolour on the sunny side; their bottom part is densely, the medium part is moderately covered with brownish purple thorns. Weakly-moderately sprouting type. The leaves appear silvery green due to the hairs, moderately wrinkled, have three leaflets, the racemes have slight anthocyanic overcolour on their tips.

Winter hardy. Has a good yield without irrigation. Not susceptible to spur blight. Susceptible to RBDV that is transmitted via pollination.

Good for canning and for fresh consumption. Good for house gardening and industrial cultivation. Can be harvested mechanically.

National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) classification: authorized for breeding and for selling. Cultivar identification number:  303262.

Canby (Viking x Llyold George) x {R. Mohacsyanus x (Malling Promise x (Superlativ x Llyold George))}, röviden Canby (F. 27) x F. 6210/120. Certified in 2000.

‘Fertődi narancs’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Fertődi narancs’ syn. F. 8/31

Typical primocane cultivar, as it bears fruits from mid-August of the second year of growth, and because there are enough buds left on the overwintering canes, thus the summer fruiting is not hampered. Very productive, in the second growth stage the fruits are bigger. The summer fruit bearing starts in early-June.

Very strong vigour, the canes are semi-upright, but requires support for cultivation, because of the heavy fruit load. The colour of the cane is green-yellow, it is densely thorned, thee thorns are medium large and green in colour. The canes are very long and thick. The leaves are with three leaflets, curving towards the underside. The fruits have an elongated conical shape, and they have an apricot colour in the beginning of the ripening, which later turns into orange. The drupelets are moderate or big in size and they are not crumbling. The pulp has a good texture and it has a pleasant sweet taste, with a low acid content. The berries can be picked off the receptacle easily, but it withstands strong winds.

The shrubs are healthy, the canes and the leaves are not susceptible to pathogenic fungi and the fruits are not susceptible to grey mould.

Hybrid of: ‘Autumn Bliss’ x ‘Fertődi aranyfürt’. Hybridized in: 2000. Breeder: Dr. Ferenc Dénes, Fertőd Research Station. Breeder’s identification number: 6891/8/31.

‘Fertődi Vénusz’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Fertődi Vénusz’ syn. VenusR, F. 6740/22

One of the earliest cultivars, ripens 5-7 days before ‘Malling Exploit’. Requires a few pickings (4-6), has a fast ripening. Easy to harvest, because the berry comes off the receptacle easily and it is not crumbling. 

Bears distinct vegetative marks, typical to interspecific hybrids. The canes are thick, robust, upright growing with short internode length. Requires plant support. The leaves are big, thick, medium green in colour, lobate or entire.

The especially attractive fruits throughout the cane are large or very large (5.9 grams in average), medium red in colour, elongated (32 mm in average), conical in shape with large drupelets. Despite the large size, and juicy pulp, the consistency of the fruits is good. It has a pleasant flavour.

Doesen’t tolerate highly calciferous soils, as is implied by the yellowing of the leaves on the tip of the shoots. Produces long, numerous shoots only on areas with good ecological properties. Selective for terroir and cultivation technology.

Moderately prone to bark cracking, thus susceptible to damage by raspberry cane midge. Requires intensive plant protection.

Good for fresh consumption, canning and freezing. Shelf life is good. Preserves its colour and texture long after picking. Due to its early ripening, it can be the leader cultivar for the early season market. Suitable for crop forcing.

National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) classification: authorized for breeding and for selling. Cultivar identification number: 284198.

Compley interspecies hybrid. {(R. Mohacsyanus x {(R. occidentalis L. x R. idaeus L.) x Malling Promise)} x (St. Walfried x Caguga)} x Glen Moy, in short: F. 6266/9 x Glen Moy. Dr. László Kollányi and colleagues, Fertőd Research Station. Hybridized in: 1994. Certified in: 2007.

‘Fertődi zamatos’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Fertődi zamatos’ syn. F. 4, F. 6241/4

Market-leading cultivar in Hungary, and also cultivated in large areas in other European countries and even in China as well.

Sturdy cultivar with excessive sprouting, very strong vigour and particularly vigorous canes. The canes are yellowish-brown, moderately thick and upright growing with weeping tips. The canes have a burgundy blush on the sunny side, and they have prominent purple thorns, many of them on the bottom part and less on the upper part. The leaves are medium green, with three, or sometimes with five leaflets. The racemes are moderate long, short on the tip of the shoots. The sprouts tolerate cold winters in Hungary without frost damage. Late budding.

Mid-late ripening cultivar. Consistent yields in every year, excellent crop safety.

The berry is medium-large (3.4 g), round, bright red, shiny, attractive. The pulp remains firm, and the colour remains nice, long after the harvest. It has a characteristic, harmonic sweet-sour raspberry taste. Excellent quality fruits, good for the fresh market. Very productive, under appropriate environmental conditions and professional cultivation, the yield can reach even 18-20 tons/ha. The ratio of the excellent quality, rolling fruits are over 90%.

Tolerates lower quality natural conditions well. The losses, caused by mechanical harvesting are low (15-20 %). It is the most popular industrial cultivar for freezing, canning and for the fresh market; and it is also excellent for house and for organic gardening as well, due to its hardiness and outstanding taste.

National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) classification: authorized for breeding and for selling. Cultivar identification number: 237862

‘F. Hungária’ (F.1 raspberry and blackberry hybrid, F1 selection) x Canby. Dr. László Kollányi and colleges, Fertőd Research Station. Hybridized in: 1978, certified in: 1986.

‘Fertődi zenit’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Fertődi zenith’ syn. F. 6649/53

Early ripening cultivar, ripening time is similar to the Malling Exploit cultivar. Medium-long ripening course. The fruit is moderate or large in size (the average is 4.2 g), round in shape, and is larger, lighter in colour and shinier than standard ‘Fertődi zamatos’ cultivar’s. The drupelets are big. The fruit comes off the receptacle easily, thus easy to pick and it is not crumbling. It has good consistency after picked, though later it becomes soft. It is succulent, tolerates transporting and storing moderately. It has a pleasant sweet-sour taste with a rich raspberry flavour. Very productive cultivar, with consistent yields.

The shrub is moderately vigorous. The canes grow upright, with a yellowish brown colour. Moderately spouring, with moderately vigorous canes.

The base of the cane is densely, the middle of it is barely covered with thin green thorns and the top is smooth. On the sunny side, the whole length of the cane is blushed with a burgundy overcolour. The leaves are medium or dark green in colour, moderately wrinkled, pinnately compound leaves, often with 5 leaflets near the crown.

Slightly susceptible to Elsinoe veneta and Didymella applanata caused fungal infections. Near the basal side of the canes, the bark is slightly-moderately cracked. Susceptible to RBDV that is transmitted via pollination.

Good for both canning and fresh consumption. Good for both house gardening and industrial cultivation purposes.

‘Fertődi zamatos’ x ‘Malling Delight’. Dr. László Kollányi and colleagues, Fertőd Research Station. Hybridized in: 1993.

‘Julcsi’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Julcsi’ syn. F. 8/1, F. 6891/8/1

Facultative twice-bearing cultivar, with two, easily distinguishable ripening stages. In some years, it only bears fruits once.

The first ripening stage begins early - in early June – and it is moderately long: lasts for 3 weeks. During this stage it requires 8-10 pickings. The second fruit-bearing stage begins in early August and lasts for 2-3 weeks. The fruits medium-large (4.5 g), round or truncated cone-shaped. Dark red and firm when fully ripened. It has a pleasant, savoury taste.

The canes are fast growing, long and brown-grey in colour. Excessively sprouting and strongly vigorous. The canes are covered with greenish purple thorns: densely on the upper fifth part and on the lower fifth part, barely in the middle part. Grows a packed shrub, with many laterals.

Moderately winter hardy under Hungarian climatic conditions. Even a longer period of -18 °C doesn’t cause frost damage to the canes. Good ecological adaptability.

The canes are susceptible to crackings.  Susceptible to Didymella applanata and Elsinoe veneta caused fungal blights.

The fruits are good for fresh consumption, canning and freezing. Has a good shelf life. Good for both house gardening and for industrial cultivation.

National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) classification: individually verified, permitted to be sold during a specified time period.

‘Autumn Bliss’ x ‘Fertődi aranyfürt’. Breeder: Dr. Ferenc Dénes, Fertőd Research Station. Hybridized in: 2000. Certified in: 2014. Certified in the Hungarian National Catalogue of Varieties.

‘Malling Exploit’ bare-root type cultivar

‘Malling Exploit’ syn. 51/84

Early ripening cultivar, ripens 8-12 days before ‘Fertődi zamatos’. With appropriate nutrient and water supply it can produce high yields. Crop safety is moderate. The fruit is long, truncated cone-shaped, large or very large, medium than dark red, can be easily pulled away from the receptacle and it has a succulent pulp. It has a pleasant sweet taste, with a moderate raspberry aroma. The pulp is firm at the beginning of the ripening, then becomes soft rather quickly, thus it has a relatively short shelf life.

Excessively sprouting, strongly vigorous, fit cultivar. The racemes are long, fragile. The canes are bent down, often with many suckers. The leaves are medium green, the shoot tips are blushed with a burgundy overcolour, wrinkled characteristically strong.

Cracks on the bottom of the canes promote the growth of the raspberry cane midge, and making the fruits more difficult to protect against them. Resistant to powdery mildew and anthracnose. Requires frequent picking.

Good for fresh consumption, canning and freezing as well. Good for both house gardening and industrial cultivation. During the ’70s and the ’80s, it was the most popular cultivar in Hungary, but nowadays it’s cultivated to a far lesser extent.

National Food Chain Safety Office (NFCSO) classification: authorized for breeding and for selling. Cultivar identification number: 238250.

Newburg x (Lloyd George x Pyne's Royal). East Malling Research Station, Maidstone, Kent, UK, Hybridized in: 1936. Circulated from 1949 in the UK. Naturalizers: Dr. László Kollányi and colleges, Fertőd Research Station. Certified in: 1970.